CRITICAL ISSUE 9:
Monitoring and Evaluation
BAs are a promise or commitment to deliver benefits and establish impact mitigation measures. They help define outcomes for development. With the possible exception of monetary payments, whose occurrence is largely automatic as long as an extractive project operates, the fulfilment of commitments cannot be assumed (O’Faircheallaigh, 2020). From this lens, BAs themselves are a critical tool for monitoring a project’s implementation.
A primary purpose of monitoring is to establish whether implementation has occurred or is occurring as intended. Review is also linked to implementation in that there is a need to assess, given changing circumstances, whether implementation mechanisms that were effective in the early years of project life continue to be effective.
However, review extends beyond the issue of implementation, as it is desirable to consider the appropriateness of the goals established in agreements (and not just their implementation) from time to time. Monitoring is linked to the issue of review in that monitoring may indicate the need to undertake a review (O’Faircheallaigh, 2003, 7-8).
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AEM – Agnico Eagle Mines Limited
ASDF – Ahafo Sustainable Development Forum
AWBEN – Aboriginal Women’s Business Entrepreneurship Network
BA – Benefit Agreement BC British Columbia
BCFNDGI – BC First Nations Data Governance Initiative
BMZ German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
BNL – Barrick Niugini Limited
BSA – Benefit Sharing Agreement
CBA – Community Benefit Agreement
CDA – Community Development Agreement
CIRNAC – Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
DIO – Designated Inuit Organizations
EIA – Environmental Impact Assessment
EMB – Environmental Management Board
EWB-MSV – Engineers Without Borders Canada - Mining Shared Value Initiative
FNFTA – First Nations Financial Transparency Act
FNLNGA – First Nations Liquefied Natural Gas Alliance
FNNBOA – First Nations National Building Officer’s Association
FPIC – Free, Prior and Informed Consent
GIZ – German Development Agency
HIA – Health Impact Assessment
IA – Impact Assessment
IBA – Impact Benefit Agreement
ICMM – International Council on Mining and Metals
IFC – International Finance Corporation
IFI – International Financial Institution
IIBA – Innuit Impact Benefit Agreement
INAC – Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada
IOL – Inuit-Owned Lands
ISC – Indigenous Services Canada
KitIA – Kitikmeot Inuit Association
KivIA – Kivalliq Inuit Association
KLC – Kimberley Land Council
LIA – Labrador Innuit Association
LLG – Local Level Government
LNG – Liquefied Natural Gas
M&E – Monitoring and Evaluation
NADeF – Newmont Ahafo Development Foundation
NLC – Northern Land Council
NLCA – Nunavut Land Claims Agreement
NTI – Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated
OSR – Own-Source Revenue
PJV – Porgera Joint Venture
PSAB – Procurement Strategy for Aboriginal Business
QIA – Qikiqtani Inuit Association
SEMC – Socio-Economic Monitoring Committee
SML – Special Mining Lease
TCS – Tax Credit Scheme
UNDRIP – United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
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